Whether or not a person can legally consent in the above scenarios is at least somewhat dependent on the details of the situation and the state laws. Legal protections vary widely from state to state, which adds to the confusion of how alcohol impacts consent. For instance, most states have sexual assault laws that protect people who were involuntarily intoxicated at the time of the assault, meaning they had been given alcohol or drugs against their will or without their knowledge. But as was seen in the Minnesota Supreme Court case, a surprising number of states do not protect people who were voluntarily intoxicated. Minnesota law, for instance, states that “A person who is mentally incapacitated or physically helpless as defined by this section cannot consent to a sexual act.” Except, its definition of “mentally incapacitated” is “a person under the influence of alcohol, a narcotic, anesthetic, or any other substance, administered to that person without the person’s agreement,” (emphasis ours), which is why the state Supreme Court ruled to overturn the aforementioned conviction.